CHURCH OF NIGERIA, ANGLICAN COMMUNION

The Most Revd. Nicholas Dikeriehi Orogodo Okoh

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Primate, Church Of Nigeria Anglican Communion.


INTRODUCTION

The Church of Nigeria has experienced eventful years of her history as an autonomous Province in the Anglican Communion worldwide.

The story can be traced to 1906 when a conference of Bishops in Communion with the Anglican Church held in Lagos. The Rt. Rev. E.H. Elwin, then Bishop of Sierra Leone, presided at the meeting. The Rt. Rev. Herbert Tugwell (Bishop of Western Equatorial Africa) was there with four of his Assistant Bishops: Charles Phillips, Isaac Oluwole, James Johnson and N. Temple Hamlyn. It was there that the need for a Province of West Africa was first highlighted.

A second conference for the purpose came up again in Lagos in 1935. But it was the conference of 30th October – 3rd November 1944, also in Lagos, that made a clear headway on this matter, leading first to the inauguration of the Church of the Province of West Africa in Freetown, Sierra Leone. This was done on the 17th of April, 1951 by the then Archbishop of Canterbury, The Most Revd. Geoffrey Fisher. The Bishop of Lagos, The Rt. Revd. L.G. Vining was elected first Archbishop of the new Province compromise these five Dioceses: Sierra Leone (1852), Accra (1909), Lagos (1919), On the Niger (1920) and Gambia (1935).

Between 1951 and 1977, the two Dioceses in Nigeria (Lagos and on the Niger) gave birth to fourteen new ones: Niger Delta, Ibadan, and Ondo/Benin (all created in 1952); Northern Nigeria (1954); Owerri (1959); Benin (1962); Ekiti (1966); Enugu (Ilesha (1974); Egba/Egbado and Ijebu (1976); Asaba (1977).

These sixteen dioceses in Nigeria soon began to sense a growing need for contextualization of their Christian witness. The opportunity eventually came at an Episcopal Synod at Ado-Ekiti on the 31st of January, 1974. There they resolved to set in motion the process of becoming an autonomous Province within the Anglican Communion. This was closely followed by the Standing Committee of the Church of Province of West Africa, which gave it their blessing and referred it to the Synod, which held on the Campus of the University of Lagos on the 14th of August 1975 and passed the resolution that the machinery for the actualization of this desire be set in motion.

Known then as the Association of Anglican Dioceses in Nigeria (AADN), a Constitution Drafting Committee was set up under the Chairmanship of Sir Louis Mbanefo (of blessed memory). The Anglican Consultative Council meeting in Trinidad (23rd March – 2nd April 1976) considered the draft to be “in order”and adopted it as “Resolution 34 on the proposed Province of Nigeria.”

Finally, a meeting of the Standing Committee of the Province of West Africa held in Benin City on the 13th of August 1977, the resolution was adopted for the Church of the Province of Nigeria to be inaugurated in the month of February 1979.

With the election of The Rt. Revd. Timothy Omotayo Olufosoye, DD, the Bishop of Ibadan to take the lead, he was presented at the Cathedral Church of Christ, Marina as the Archbishop, Primate and Metropolitan of the Province, which was designated as “The Church of Nigeria, Anglican Communion”. The Church of Nigeria was inaugurated on St. Matthias Day, 24th February, 1979.

Evangelism

There have been very significant milestones in the undaunted advance of the Church of Nigeria especially during the tenures of the man who has been rightly called the Visionary Primate. The Most Revd. Joseph Abiodun Adetiloye, DD (1988-1999). He it was who opened up the unreached areas to the gospel as part of our response to the Decade of Evangelism proclaimed at Lambeth in 1988. a significant achievement of his tenure is the creation of ten (10) Missionary Dioceses in 1990, a feat that was virtually repeated from 1996 onwards. It was during his tenure that the idea of internal Provinces gained ground with the first creation of three internal Provinces covering the three broad geographical regions of Nigeria. These earned the Church of Nigeria the reputation of being the fastest growing Province in the Anglican Communion.

A paradigm shift was launched in March 2000, when The Most Revd. Peter J. Akinola, DD,CON (2000-date) was presented as the third Primate of the Church of Nigeria, Anglican Communion. On the assumption of the primacy of the Church, Archbishop Akinola did not hide his granite determination to take the Gospel of Christ to the nook and crannies of Nigeria; and with the cooperation of his brother bishops the number of dioceses has risen astronomically. From 76 in year 2000, we now have 121 as at May 2007! He has focused his attention on consolidation of previous efforts to keep the banner of the gospel flying higher over the land, and the Church of Nigeria standing tall and taking its rightful place in the Anglican Communion.

One of the greatest challenges before the Church today is to embark on aggressive evangelism and discipleship that will build the Church into a strong witness for this and future generations. The Church of Nigeria is now actively reaching out to the UK and the USA through the ministry of our Chaplains in those parts. Our members who visit those nations or have settled there are the major focus of our ministry, while looking out for all others who are willing to respond to the gospel. We must pray that the Lord will raise more labourers for His work. Some of these are already in the seminaries undergoing training in our institutions and we look forward to a generation of faithful workers in the Lord’s vineyard. Much attention is being given to our theological institutions through the Church of Nigeria Endowment Fund which is aimed at making the Church self-reliant financially to carry on the work of mission.

The Church of Nigeria has over the years become established as the champion of mission efforts and has maintained its reputation as the fastest growing province in the Anglican Communion. That reputation has carried with it important and challenging responsibilities not only to model biblical ethics but to condemn every compromise or departure from the position held out by the Scripture. The Church was founded through the missionary effort of the CMS (Church Mission Society) and is being expanded in like manner. The mission arm is the Church of Nigeria Missionary Society (CNMS), which holds out the gospel flag to different parts of the country.

10 Ecclesiastical provinces, one indivisible church

Considering the sheer vastness of the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion), it was split into three Provinces on 20th September 1997 for effective management.

Province One, consisting of the Dioceses in the West, was headed by Archbishop Adetiloye who remained Primate of All Nigeria; Province Two consisting of the Eastern Dioceses had the Rt. Revd. Ben. Nwankiti of Owerri (now late), and after his retirement in 1998 J. A. Onyemelukwe, Bishop on the Niger, as Archbishop, while Province Three consisting of the Northern Dioceses had the Bishop of Abuja, the Rt. Revd. Dr. Peter J. Akinola as Archbishop.

In pursuance of pragmatic evangelism and for ease of administration, a 10-Province structure for the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) was proclaimed at the Cathedral Church of Christ, Marina Lagos, on January 19, 2003. The provinces are: Lagos, Ibadan, Ondo, Bendel, The Niger, Niger Delta, Owerri, Abuja, Kaduna and Jos. Presented at the event were new Arcbishops Agbaje, Abe, Akinfenwa, Okoro, Nglass, Idowu and Mani. These Archbishops constitute the Primate’s Council which meets from time to time.

Forging ahead vigorously

There can be no organisation as large and complex as present day Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) without problems. But problems do not worry the incumbent Primate, who, since he was presented on 25 March 2000, has made several efforts in pursuit of peace.

Archbishop Akinola has, together with the entire leadership of the Church, evolved a Vision for the Church of Nigeria, which by the grace of God and the co-operation of all will take us to our “Eldorado” in a record time.

The Vision is clear. In summary, it is to the effect that the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) shall be bible-based, spiritually dynamic, united, disciplined; self-supporting, committed to pragmatic evangelism, social welfare and a church that epitomizes the genuine love of Christ.

This vision statement has opened up fresh vistas of ministry which hitherto had been non-existent – all in a bid to become more relevant to the needs of our members and nation.

The machinery for achieving the set goals and establish a CARING CHURCH has been at work. The initial goal of being bible-based has led to the championing of adherence to scripture worldwide. The goal of being self-supporting is being actively pursued through the Endowment Fund and thesocial work is going on in the oft ignored hintherland and villages nation-wide.


Constitution

WHEREAS on St. Matthias’ Day, the 24th day of February, 1979, sixteen Dioceses of Anglican Communion within Nigeria were constituted into a separate Province of Nigeria with Archbishop Timothy Olufosoye as the first Primate; WHEREAS the said Province of Nigeria constituted herself into the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) and enacted a Constitution to regulate her affairs and promote her well-being; WHEREAS the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) operated the 1979 Constitution until 20th day of September, 1997, when it was amended under Archbishop Abiodun Adetiloye; WHEREAS the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) operated the Constitution and Canons of 1997 until the General Synod meeting held between 3rd and 8th of September, 2002, with the Most Reverend Peter Jasper Akinola presiding; WHEREAS it was considered desirable to further amend the Constitution and Canons of 1997; The General Synod of the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) hereby enacts the following Constitution:

CHAPTER I
THE GENERAL PROVISIONS
CITATION 1        
This Constitution shall be known as the Constitution of the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion), 2002.

UNITY  
2.1          The Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion), hereinafter called “the Church of Nigeria”, shall remain one united and indissoluble Church under God.

AIMS, OBJECTIVES AND PRINCIPLES       
2.2          The aims, objectives and principles of the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) are:
a.            To evangelize, and promote the knowledge of God and the adherence to the teaching and examples of Jesus Christ;
b.            To promote Christian education, values and morals;
c.             To assist in the care and welfare of the people, particularly the poor, the aged and the needy;
d.            To provide for the spiritual welfare of her members;
e.            To acquire land for the attainment of her objectives;
f.             To raise funds through launches, contributions and any other lawful means;
g.            To undertake all other things which are reasonably incidental to the foregoing objectives.

MEMBERSHIP   
2.3          Subject to any Canon or Regulation made in that behalf, the membership of the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) shall be open to all persons who accept the aims and o b j e c t i v e s ,

SECRETARIAT    
2.4          The Secretariat of the Church shall be in Episcopal House, 23 Douala Street, Wuse Zone 5, Abuja or in such other place in Nigeria as the General Synod of the Church may decide.

SEE OF CANTERBURY     
3.1          The Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) hereinafter called “The Church of Nigeria” or “This Church” shall be in full communion with all Anglican Churches Dioceses and Provinces that hold and maintain the Historic Faith, Doctrine, Sacrament and Discipline of the one Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church as the Lord has commanded in His holy word and as the same are received as taught in the Book of Common Prayer and the ordinal of 1662and in the Thirty-Nine Article of Religion.

3.2         In the interpretation of the aforementioned formularies and in all questions of Faith, Doctrine and Discipline, the decisions of the Ecclesiastical tribunals of the Church of
Nigeria shall be final.
4.           The Church of Nigeria shall have three Orders of the Ministry, namely:

ORDERS OF MINISTRY   
a.     Bishops who shall have a special responsibility and authority for the preservation of the truth of the doctrine of the Church for the purity of its life, and the worthiness of its worship;
b.      The Priests who in co-operation with and under the guidance of the Bishops have a special responsibility for preaching the word of God and administering the Holy Sacraments and generally for the cure of souls; and
c.       The Deacons, who have a special responsibility for the care of the poor and distressed, for the instruction of the young and the ignorant and for giving assistance to the Priests in Divine Service.

CHAPTER II
THE GENERAL SYNOD POWERS
6        The General Synod as hereby constituted shall be the Legislative body of the Church of Nigeria and every enactment, resolution or directives thereof shall be binding upon the Church of Nigeria and on every Province, Diocese, Officer, and member thereof.

COMPOSITION  7             
The General Synod shall consist of:
a.           The House of Bishops;
b.           The House of Clergy; and
c.            The House of Laity constituted in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.

HOUSE OF BISHOPS       
8.          The House of Bishops shall consist of:
a.          The Archbishop, Metropolitan and Primate of the Church of Nigeria.
b.          The Dean of the Church of Nigeria;
c.           The Provincial Archbishops;
d.           The Diocesan Bishops;
e.           Suffragan and Assistant Bishops;
f.          Retired Bishops who are not engaged in remunerative work outside the ordained Ministry: provided that they shall have no right to vote.

HOUSE OF CLERGY         

9.1          The House of Clergy shall consist of Priests and Deacons who hold the Licence of the Bishop of the Diocese they represent, elected in such manner and in accordance with such rules as the Diocesan Synod may make in that behalf.

9.2         Unless the General Synod or the Standing Committee otherwise decides, every Diocese shall be represented by t w o Clerical representatives.

HOUSE OF LAITY
10.1        The House of Laity shall consist of such communicant members of the Church of the age of 18 years and above elected or appointed Lay Representatives of the Diocese they represent in such manner and in accordance with such rules as the Diocesan Synod may make in that behalf.
10.2       Unless the General Synod or the Standing Committee otherwise decides, every Diocese shall be represented by three Lay representatives which shall include the Chancellor and at least one woman.

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11.          Each Diocese shall make rules to provide for the filling of vacancies in Clerical and Lay representation of the Diocese which may occur through death, resignation, loss of qualification or any other cause between the time of the election or appointment and the subsequent meeting of the General Synod.

MEETINGS OF THE GENERAL SYNOD SESSIONS 
12           Ordinary Sessions of the General Synod shall take place every THREE years; provided that the General Synod shall meet whenever the Archbishop, Metropolitan and Primate decides that the circumstances of the Church require it and provided also that the General Synod shall be summoned by the Archbishop, Metropolitan and Primate whenever requested to do so by at least one-third of the membership of a House.

PRESIDENT OF THE GENERAL SYNOD     
13.1        The Primate of the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) shall be President of the General Synod and shall preside at all sessions thereof.
13.2       During a vacancy in the office of Primate or the absence of the Primate from any meeting of the General Synod or any Committee, Council, Board or Commission constituted under the Constitution or any Canon, unless otherwise provided, the Dean of the Church of Nigeria or in his absence the Provincial Archbishop senior by presentation as Archbishop, and if none be present, the Bishop senior by consecration, shall preside.

NOTICE OF GENERAL SYNOD     
14.1        The Primate shall give to all the Bishops of the Church of Nigeria at least six calendar months notice of every ordinary session of the General Synod, and the Bishop of each Diocese shall cause such notice to be published throughout his Diocese and sent to all members of the General Synod in his Diocese through their registered address within four weeks of receiving such notice provided that when a special session of the General Synod is convened, two months notice shall be sufficient.
14.2       The agenda for the General Synod shall be prepared by the Primate in consultation with the Standing Committee of the Church of Nigeria.

QUORUM           
15           At least one-third of the members of each of the three Houses of Bishops, Clergy and Laity representing at least three-quarters of the number of Dioceses in the Church of Nigeria must be present for the transaction of business in the General Synod, and it shall be competent for any member of the Synod, at any time to call for the counting of the members present.

VOTING 16         
The three Houses shall sit together and unless a greater vote on any question is required by the Constitution or by the Canons or any regulation made hereunder in cases not specifically d e a l t with by this Constitution or unless a vote by Houses is required under this Constitution, the affirmative vote of the majority of all the members present and voting at a duly constituted session of the General Synod shall suffice to carry any question.

VOTING BY HOUSES      
17.          Where any member present at a session of the General Synod so demands, voting shall be by Houses and shall be conducted in the following order: first, the House of Laity, then the House of Clergy and then the House of Bishops.

MAJORITY WHERE VOTING IS BY HOUSES           
18.          Where voting is by Houses the assent of the majority of members present of each of the three Houses shall be necessary.

PROLOCUTOR AND CHAIRMAN OF HOUSE OF LAITY      
19.          During every session of the General Synod the House of Clergy shall elect one of its members as Prolocutor, to preside over the House of Clergy and over a joint assembly of the Clergy and Laity and the House of Laity shall elect one of its members as Chairman, to preside over the House of Laity, should the Houses of the General Synod deliberate separately.

TENURE OF MEMBERS  
20.          The members and officers of the General Synod from the Houses of Clergy and of Laity shall remain in office until their successors have been appointed or elected.

FAILURE IN REPRESENTATION NOT TO INVALIDATE PROCEEDING             
21.          No proceedings or enactment or resolution of the General Synod or of any House, Committee, Commission or Body thereof shall be invalidated by any vacancy in the membership of the body concerned or by any defect in the qualification, election or appointment of any member thereof; neither shall failure or neglect on the part of any such representatives to attend invalidate the enactments or resolutions of the General Synod which enactments and resolutions shall have the same force in that Diocese as if such representatives had been present.

CHAPTER III
FUNCTIONS, JURISDICTION AND POWERS OF THE GENERAL SYNOD FUNCTIONS OF THE GENERAL SYNOD
22.    It shall be the duty of the General Synod –
a.       to consider matters concerning the Church of Nigeria and make provision for the administration of its affairs and for the promotion of the spiritual welfare and well being of its members by Canons, Regulations, Resolutions, Directives or other instruments as may be appropriate; and
b.       to consider and express their opinion on any matters of religious or public interest.

LEGISLATIVE POWER     
23    For the avoidance of doubt, the General Synod as hereby constituted shall be the legislative body of the Church of Nigeria and every enactment, resolution or directive of the said Synod shall have effect and be binding upon the Church, every Ecclesiastical Province or Diocese therein and upon all officers and members thereof and, subject as hereinafter provided the General Synod shall have authority and jurisdiction in all matters affecting in any way, the general interest and well-being of the whole Church and in particular:
i.         the constitution and organisation of the General Synod including the regulation of the time and place of its meetings, the order and conduct of its proceedings, and the appointment, functions and duties of its officers, committees and other organs;
ii.         the national character, constitution, integrity and autonomy of the Church of Nigeria;
iii.        the relations of the Church to other religious bodies in Nigeria and elsewhere;
iv.         the relations of the Church to other Churches of the Anglican Communion;
v.        the election, retirement or resignation of the Primate of the Church of Nigeria, the Provincial Archbishops and Diocesan Bishops including the consecration of Diocesan Bishops;
vi.        discipline of Clergy and of Laity of the Church of Nigeria;
vii.      the constitution and powers of and procedure in courts of original and appellate jurisdiction for the trial of offences and the enforcement of judgements;
viii.     the revision, adaptation and publication of a Book of Common Prayer and a Hymnal for the Church;
ix.       the establishment of minimum standards of theological education and minimum qualifications and training of candidates for the Ministry of the Church;
x.        the regulation of inter-diocesan transfer of clergy;
xi.       the relinquishment or abandonment of the Ministry of the Church;
xii.      the administration of all funds and trusts established in respect of the Church;
xiii.     the administration of a group insurance plan for the benefit of the Clergy and lay employees of the Church;
xiv.      the sub-division of the Church into more Internal Provinces and the Constitution of any number of Dioceses into a new Internal Province provided that no new Internal Province shall consist of less than seven Dioceses and that such separate Provinces shall be geographically contiguous and related to one another by such common organs as the General Synod may determine provided that to start with there shall be ten Internal Provinces as specified in the schedule hereto which shall include any Diocese or Dioceses created hereafter out of the Dioceses listed within the Provinces therein.
xv.       exclusive authority and jurisdiction in respect of all matters of common concern to the whole Church as well as matters affecting relations between the Church and the Dioceses and between the Dioceses including (without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing) the subdivision of Dioceses and of Provinces, the rearrangement of existing Dioceses and Provinces and the creation of new Dioceses and all such other matters that affect the communion of the Dioceses with one another as the General Synod shall think fit;
xvi.    after such consultation as may be deemed necessary by the General Synod, the determination of the location of headquarters of Dioceses, Ecclesiastical Provinces and of the Church of Nigeria including power to relocate such headquarters; and
xvii.   either by itself or its Standing Committee to give directives either directly or through the Archbishop and Primate to any person appointed to, or holding any office under this Constitution or the Constitution of an Ecclesiastical Province or of a Diocese therein on any matter appearing to it to relate to any powers conferred on it by this Constitution, or to the well-being of the Church, and it shall be the duty of any such officer or person to carry out such directive.

CHAPTER IV
FAITH AND ORDER DOCTRINAL
FORMULAE 24   A provision touching doctrinal formulae of the service or ceremonies of the Church of Nigeria or the administration of the sacraments or sacred rites thereof shall, before it is finally approved by the General Synod, be referred to the House of Bishops, and shall be submitted for such final approval in terms proposed by the House of Bishops and not otherwise.

APPROVAL OF DIOCESAN SYNODS          
25           An Article or Canon or Regulation for permanent changes in the services of Baptism or Holy Communion or in the Ordinal, or a scheme for a constitutional union or a permanent and substantial change of relationship between the Church of Nigeria and another Christian Body, being a body a substantial number of whose members reside in Nigeria, shall not be finally approved by the General Synod unless at a stage determined by the Archbishop, Metropolitan and Primate, the Article or Canon or Regulation or Scheme, or the substance of the proposals embodied therein, shall have received the approval of the Diocesan Synods of at least two-thirds of the Dioceses of the Church of Nigeria.

POWER OF HOUSE OF BISHOPS               

26       The House of Bishops or Episcopal Synod shall have power to make such adaptations and abridgements of, and addition to, the services of the Church as may be required from time to time and the General Synod may prescribe the manner, extent and circumstances in which a Bishop may authorize the use of any alterations in a service approved by the House of Bishops:
“Provided that such issues as are raised in sections 24, 25 and 26 of this Constitution are first referred to the Theological and Doctrinal Department or Committee of the Church of Nigeria, whose recommendations shall be submitted for consideration to the Episcopal Synod”.

CHAPTER V
THE ARCHBISHOP, METROPOLITAN & PRIMATE
PRESIDENT OF THE GENERAL SYNOD     
27.1        The President of the General Synod shall be the Archbishop, Metropolitan and Primate of the Church of Nigeria who shall be elected and shall hold office under, and have privileges, powers, authority and duties as are defined by the Constitution, Canons and Regulations made by or under the authority of the General Synod and shall exercise all the rights and perform all the duties of the office of a Metropolitan.
27.2       The Primate shall summon and preside over meetings of the General Synod, Episcopal Synod, and the Standing Committee, and is the Principal Minister of the Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion).

EX-OFFICIO
MEMBERSHIP    28
The Primate shall be an ex-officio member of all Committees, Boards, Commissions and Councils appointed under any provision of this Constitution or of any Canon enacted by the General Synod or under any resolution of the General Synod or of its Standing Committee.

THE DEAN          
29.1       During a vacancy in the Office of Primate or during the illness or other incapacity of the Primate, the Dean of the Church of Nigeria shall have authority to perform all the duties of the Primacy and shall be styled Acting Primate.
29.2      In the absence of the Primate from any meeting of General Synod or any Committee, Council, Board or Commission, constituted under the Constitution or any Canon of the synod, unless otherwise provided, the Dean or the Provincial Archbishop senior by presentation as Archbishop, or if none should be present, the Bishop senior by consecration, shall preside.

VACANCY IN PRIMACY 
30          The office of the Primate shall become vacant when –
30.1       he dies;

30.2    he has held office for ten years from the date of his presentation or when he attains the age of seventy years, whichever first occurs;
30.3    having given notice of his intention to resign or retire, the Dean has in consultation with the Episcopal Synod accepted the resignation; or
30.4      upon representation made to the Dean by at least two Diocesan Bishops his appointment is terminated or he is required to retire by a resolution supported by a majority of two-thirds of the General Synod: Provided that he shall be given the fullest opportunity to defend himself against any charges that may have been brought against him.
31          In addition to his functions as Diocesan Bishop, the Primate shall have the following functions –

OTHER FUNCTIONS OF THEARCHBISHOP, METROPOLITAN AND PRIMATE
31a.   to have a general authority and supervision over the whole of the Church of Nigeria in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and the Canons of the Church.
31b.  to confirm the appointment of any person duly elected a Bishop in the Church of Nigeria and to arrange for his consecration if he be not already consecrated;
31c.  to preside when he is so required by Regulations pertaining thereto at the hearing of appeals in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution concerning the trial of Bishops, the Clergy, and the Laity and also on other occasions when the House of Bishops sits as a court.
31d.   to visit officially the Dioceses of the Church of Nigeria whether at the invitation of the Bishop of the Diocese or on his own initiative;
31e.  to represent the Church of Nigeria in its relationship with the rest of the Anglican Communion and other Churches in communion with it and on its behalf to correspond with other Metropolitans;
31f.    to perform such other functions prescribed by this Constitution or as may from time to time be entrusted to him by the General Synod or the Standing Committee.

CHAPTER VI
POWER TO APPOINT COMMITTEES AND COMMISSIONS COMMITTEES AND COMMISSIONS
32.1    The General Synod may appoint or provide by their Standing Orders for the appointment of a Standing Committee and such other Committees, Commissions, Departments and bodies, which may include persons who are not members of the Synod and such Officers as they think fit.
32.2     Each House may appoint or provide by their Standing Orders for the appointment of such Committees of their members as they think fit.
32.3     The Primate may invite an expert on any relevant subject to address the General Synod or the Standing Committee on that subject: Provided that such person shall not have the right to vote.

CHAPTER VII
POWER TO MAKE STANDING ORDERS
STANDING ORDERS        
33.1   The General Synod may make, amend and revoke Standing Orders, providing for any of the matters for which such provision is required or authorized by this Constitution to be made, and consistently with this Constitution, for the meetings, business and procedure of the General Synod.
33.2   Provision may be made by the Standing Orders that the exercise of any power of the General Synod to suspend the Standing Orders or any of them shall require the assent of such a majority of the members of the whole Synod present and voting as may be specified in the Standing Order.
33.3     Standing Orders of the General Synod may provide for separate sittings of any of the three Houses or joint sittings of any two Houses and as to who is to take the Chair at any such separate or joint sitting.
33.4      Each House may make, amend and revoke Standing Orders to regulate its own proceedings.

CHAPTER VIII
ECCLESIASTICAL PROVINCES PROVINCIAL COUNCIL
34.1     There shall be for each Ecclesiastical Province created within the Church of Nigeria a Provincial Council which shall consist of:
34.1a.   The Provincial Archbishop who shall preside as Chairman;
34.1b.   All Bishops of the Church of Nigeria having Sees within the Ecclesiastical Province;
34.1c.   Suffragan or Assistant Bishops within the Ecclesiastical Province; and
34.1d.   One clergyman from each Diocese elected at the Diocesan Synod.
34.1e.   One lay member from each Diocese elected at the Diocesan Synod.
34.1f     Any such persons not exceeding two to be co-opted on ad hoc basis for their expertise; but they shall have no right to vote.
34.2       The Provincial Council shall meet on regular basis as determined by each Province or as provided by the Canons.

TERRITORY OF ECCLESIASTICAL PROVINCE          
35      The exact territorial limits of each Ecclesiastical Province and of each Diocese therein as well as the location of the Headquarters of the same shall be determined by the General Synod or its Standing Committee.

CONSTITUTION OF A PROVINCE               
36         The Constitution of a Province shall be contained in a Canon enacted by the General Synod, provided that a Canon approved by the House of Bishops shall be operative until approved or amended by the General Synod.

PRESIDENT OF COUNCIL              
37.1     The Provincial Archbishop shall preside over meetings of the Provincial Council or in his absence, the Bishop senior by consecration shall preside.
37.2       Any dispute within a diocese which cannot be satisfactorily resolved by the Diocesan Bishop shall first be referred by an aggrieved party to the appropriate Provincial Archbishop.

POWERS OF PROVINCIAL COUNCILS      
38        Provincial Councils shall have authority and jurisdiction to meet as often as occasions may demand either on the invitation of the Provincial Archbishop or at the request of two Bishops to discuss all matters of general interest and the well-being of the Church within their territorial jurisdiction and to implement their decisions on the following matters:
38.1     The training of priests;

 


The Primate

The Primate of Nigeria
The Most Revd. Nicholas Dikeriehi Orogodo Okoh

THE BIOGRAPHY OF THE PRIMATE OF ALL NIGERIA
The Most Revd. Nicholas Dikeriehi Orogodo Okoh was born on 10th November, 1952 at Owa-Alero, Ika North East Local Government Area, Delta State to Mr. Stephen Chinakwe and Mrs. Nwagho Okoh. Without intending to be modest, his parents were poor peasant farmers, who carried out mere subsistence farming.

He attended St. Michael’s (Anglican) School, Owa-Alero from 1958-1964 where he obtained his First School Leaving Certificate. He had a four-year stint in business under one of his uncles. He later established his own business, only to abandon it and joined the Nigerian Army in 1969, while still a confirmation candidate. He was to be confirmed 6years later by Bishop Idowu at St. Stephen’s Cathedral Ondo while at VCLC, Akure. The terrible experience and uncertainty of life in the war-front made the young Nicholas to surrender to God. In 1970, at the end of hostilities, under the wrong influence of fellow soldiers, he backslided, until early 1971, when under a circumstantial experience he broke down completely and offered himself to the LORD. Within three months, he read the whole bible from Genesis to Revelation. His life was transformed. Thereafter he became a freelance Evangelist, gathering and leading many young people in his group. He continued his education and passed his O/L G.C.E. in 1974 and A/L G.C.E. in 1976, by which time he was already at Vining Christian Leadership Centre, where he trained as Catechist from 1975-1976. He was admitted to Immanuel College of Theology, Ibadan for his Pastoral Studies (1976-1979). There he obtained a Diploma in Religious Studies, and Diploma in Theology.
After his Ordination in July, 1979 he was appointed 3 Armoured Division Garrison Chaplain, Jos. Later that same year, he left for the University of Ibadan (1979-1982), where he obtained his B.A. (Hons). He returned to the same University (1984-1985) for the M.A. Degree.

He got married to Miss Nkasiobi Amaechi on October 4, 1986. The marriage is blessed with 5 children.

The Most Revd. Nicholas Okoh had the following appointments in the Nigerian Army:
Garrison Chaplain, 3 Armoured Division, N.A, Jos in 1979
Vicar – St. Luke’s Military Church, Yaba Lagos – 1982-1984
Vicar – All Saints (A.H.Q) Church, Abalti Barracks and A.H.Q Garrison Chaplain (PROT) from 1984-1989.
Assistant Director, 2 Mechanized Division Chap. (PROT) and Vicar, All Souls Military Church, Ibadan from 1990-1991.
Vicar – St. Augustine’s Military Church (PROT), Mokola, Ibadan and 2 Division Garrison Chaplain from 1992 – 1993
Deputy Director Chaplain, 3 Armoured Division and Vicar – All Saints Military Church, Rukuba, Jos from 1993-1997
Deputy Director, 1 Mechanized Division Chaplain (PROT) and Vicar – St. Luke’s Military Church, Kaduna from 1997-1999.
Assistant Director Chaplain (PROT) AHQ Group of Churches, Lagos from 1999-2001.
Colonel Co-ordinate, HQ DCSP – Lagos.
Vicar – All Saints (HQ) Church, Abalti Barracks, Western Avenue, Surulere, Lagos.

Archbishop Nicholas Okoh was commissioned a Lieutenant on November 1, 1982.
He was promoted Captain on November 1, 1986. Again he rose to the Rank of Major on November 1, 1991 and on November 1, 1996, he was promoted Lieutenant Colonel in the Nigerian Army, a position he held before the House of Bishops elected him Bishop of Asaba in March, 2001.

With his election, Archbishop Nicholas Okoh became the second Bishop of the Diocese of Asaba. He was elected Archbishop, Bendel Ecclesiastical Province by the Episcopal Synod on 22nd July, 2005.

SUMMARY OF CHURCH PREFERMENTS
Ordained Deacon – July, 1979
Priest – July, 1980
Canon – 1987
Archdeacon – April, 1991
Consecrated Bishop – May, 2001
Elected Archbishop – July, 2005
Elected Primate of All Nigeria – September, 2009
Presented as Primate of All Nigeria – March, 2010

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